State Building in India and South East Asia—1200-1450 [AP World History Review]
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State Building in India and South East Asia—1200-1450 [AP World History Review]

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25 thoughts on “State Building in India and South East Asia—1200-1450 [AP World History Review]

  1. i love how these videos are 5 minutes but they take me like 15 to get through so i can actually understand and write down stuff LOL but honestly these videos are gonna really save my ap score in may so thank you so much!!!

  2. A small correction, varna or the caste system(as westerners call it) was initially not based on birth. A person could chose to be a part of any varna based on their skill….it's the social change that made varna a rigid hierarchy not the religion itself.

  3. South and Southeast Asia from 1200 ~ 1450

    India (South Asia) :
    Although Buddhism and Muslim had a big influence, Hindu Kingdoms continued to have to most significant influence in India.
    Two brothers were sent from the Delhi sultanate, to South India to see what kind of prospects they would have for extending the Kingdom.
    These two brothers were Hindus that converted to Islam(for power), but once they were surrounded by Hindus, they converted back again.
    Instead of extending Muslim rule to Southern India, they set up a new Hindu Kingdom : Vijayanagara Empire (1336)
    Religion :
    Dominant religion in India : Hinduism
    Hinduism beliefs : Mostly karma, if they were good then they would be closer to moksha (mostly like heaven or something idk)
    However, there were many manifestations of this : Bhakti Movement -> Bhaktis were Hindu believers that emphasized the emotional side of devotion. Relationship with god over rigid, ritualistic behavior.
    Hinduism also lead to : Caste System
    Only way to move up to a higher rank was to have good karma, and the only way to know that was to die.

    Culture :
    Indians influenced, and were influenced by other countries as well.
    Indians shared knowledge with people from the Middle East.
    Arabs built on advances in astronomy begun by the Indians.
    Arabs translated Indian work in Algebra and Geometry and spread them all throughout Dar-Al-Islam

    South East Asia
    (Indonesia, Malaysia, Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam)
    Religiously these lands were filled with Hindus, and Buddhists
    This region was perfectly situated to rule over sea-based trade routes -> And that caused many new Kingdoms
    One example of sea-based power : Majapahit Kingdom (1293), based on the island of Java and largely sustained its power and wealth by controlling sea routes (these people were buddhists)
    One example of land-based empire : Khmer Empire (802 ~ 1431), flourished because of their complex drainage systems going to and from the Mekong River
    This kind of technology lead to huge agricultural progress (they were Hindus but later on converted to buddhism)

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